Hordoleum, also known as a stye, is a common eye condition characterized by a painful and inflamed lump that forms on the eyelid. It typically occurs near the edge of the eyelid and is caused by an infection in the oil glands of the eyelid. Hordoleum is usually a result of bacterial infection, commonly Staphylococcus aureus, which enters the oil glands and leads to inflammation and the formation of a tender lump.
The symptoms of hordoleum include redness, swelling, pain, and tenderness in the affected area of the eyelid. The lump may resemble a pimple or a small boil and can cause discomfort, especially when blinking or touching the eyelid. In some cases, hordoleum may also cause excessive tearing, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light.
Hordoleum is typically a self-limiting condition that resolves within a week or two. Home remedies such as warm compresses applied to the affected area can help alleviate symptoms and promote healing. It is important to avoid squeezing or attempting to pop the hordoleum, as this can potentially worsen the infection or spread it to other areas of the eye.
In certain cases, hordoleum may require medical intervention. An eye care professional may prescribe antibiotic ointments or oral antibiotics to help clear the infection. In rare instances where the hordoleum does not resolve or becomes recurrent, surgical drainage or removal of the gland may be considered.
To prevent hordoleum, practicing good hygiene, such as regularly washing hands and avoiding touching the eyes with unclean hands, can be helpful. It is also important to avoid sharing eye makeup or personal eye care items with others, as this can increase the risk of bacterial contamination.
If you suspect you have a hordoleum or are experiencing persistent eye discomfort or vision changes, it is recommended to consult with an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.