Decoding Gender Differences: AI Identifies Sex from Brain Scans with 90 Percent Accuracy


Posted by Watchdoq Newsportal on February 22, 2024     
Healthcare

AI Identifies Sex from Brain Scans with 90% Accuracy

Have you ever wondered if there are concrete differences between the brains of men and women? A groundbreaking study by Stanford Medicine has unveiled an artificial intelligence (AI) model that can determine the sex of individuals based on brain scans with over 90% accuracy. This discovery supports the idea of significant sex differences in brain organization, which has been a topic of debate for a long time.

The AI model analyzed dynamic MRI scans and identified specific brain networks, such as the default mode, striatum, and limbic networks, as crucial in distinguishing male from female brains. These findings not only enhance our understanding of brain development and aging but also open new avenues for addressing sex-specific vulnerabilities in psychiatric and neurological disorders.

The study, led by Vinod Menon, PhD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences, and his team, will be published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Menon emphasizes the importance of recognizing sex differences in brain organization for developing personalized treatments for neuropsychiatric conditions, highlighting the potential for personalized medicine.

The research team used explainable AI tools to identify the brain networks most important for determining sex differences. These tools revealed that the default mode network, striatum, and limbic network played crucial roles in the model's ability to distinguish between male and female brain scans. Additionally, the team developed sex-specific models of cognitive abilities, indicating that functional brain characteristics varying between sexes have significant behavioral implications.

This study marks a significant step forward in understanding how sex influences brain organization and function. By leveraging AI and explainable AI tools, researchers have shed light on an area of neuroscience that has long been debated. The findings not only have implications for understanding the healthy brain but also for developing targeted treatments for neuropsychiatric disorders. (Source: Neuroscience News)